Who Invented the Zip Fastener?
The zipper or zip fastener is an essential tool in our daily lives. We use it to close jackets, bags, suitcases, and many more items. However, do you know who invented this life-changing tool? In this article, we will take you through the journey of the creation of the zip fastener.
A Brief History of the Zipper
The concept of a zip fastener dates back to the invention of slide fasteners in the 1850s. Elias Howe, an American inventor who invented the sewing machine, patented the first slide fastener in 1851. However, his invention did not gain much attention because it was costly and difficult to manufacture.
In 1891, Whitcomb Judson, an American inventor from Chicago, patented a more practical device which he called a "clasp locker." This device used hooks and eyes to fasten shoes and clothing. It was more efficient than Elias Howe's slide fastener, but it was not successful in the market because it was bulky and difficult to use.
The Creation of the Zipper
Gideon Sundback, a Swedish-American electrical engineer, is credited with inventing the modern-day zipper. In 1913, he was hired by the Universal Fastener Company to improve the clasp locker. Sundback spent the next several years perfecting the design. He created a device made of interlocking teeth that could be attached and detached by sliding a separate slider up and down the teeth.
Sundback's invention was much more efficient than the previous designs. It was easy to use, and the teeth would keep out dirt and other contaminants that would clog up the zipper's mechanism.
The Popularity of the Zipper
Sundback's zipper gained popularity in the 1920s when fashion designers began to incorporate it into clothing. The zipper was used on leather jackets and multiple designs of boots, increasing its popularity.
In the 1930s, zippers were used to replace buttons and brass hooks in trousers. Zippers became well-known in sportswear, especially in men's sportswear. By the end of the decade, almost all trousers had zippers.
After World War II, the use of zippers in clothing continued to expand. Women began incorporating zippers into their clothing designs, which resulted in more affordable and streamlined garments. The zipper became a symbol of modernity in the 1950s, and it was a key part of the trend towards sleek, futuristic design.
The Legacy of the Zipper
Today, zippers are widely used in a diverse range of products, from clothing to industrial materials. The zipper has transformed the way we dress and has become an essential part of our daily lives.
In conclusion, Gideon Sundback invented the modern-day zipper. His design proved to be more efficient than its predecessors and became an essential part of our daily lives. The zipper has come a long way since its inception and continues to be a valuable tool in various industries..