Threaded fasteners form an integral part of the mechanical world, and they are used in a wide range of industries. They are used across construction, automotive, aviation, and industrial applications. Threaded fasteners are unique because of their design, which allows them to hold two or more objects together with precision and strength. In this article, we will explain what a threaded fastener is, how they work, and their characteristics.
What is a Threaded Fastener?
A threaded fastener is a mechanical device that is used to hold two or more objects together securely with the use of threads. A threaded fastener typically consists of a head, a shank, and a thread. The head is the topmost part of the fastener, which is designed to be turned by a tool like a wrench or a screwdriver. The shank is the middle part of the fastener, which extends below the head and is threaded on its outer surface. The thread is the helical groove that runs around the shank's circumference, which engages with a corresponding thread on the other object to be fastened.
Types of Threaded Fasteners
Threaded fasteners come in various types, each with a specific use, shape, and size. The most common types of fasteners are bolts, screws, nuts, and washers.
Bolts are a type of threaded fastener designed to be used with a nut to create a fastening point. Bolts have a smooth shank and are typically made of metal, though they can be made of other materials depending on the application. Bolts come in various sizes and shapes, including hexagonal, circular, square, and more.
Screws are a type of threaded fastener that are designed to create their own thread during installation. Screws are threaded along their entire shank and have a pointed end used for piercing through materials such as wood, metal, or plastic. Screws come in different types, including wood screws, sheet metal screws, machine screws, and more.
Nuts are a type of threaded fastener that are typically used with bolts to create a fastening point. Nuts themselves are threaded internally and are designed to screw onto the bolt's threaded shank. Nuts come in various shapes, including hexagonal, square, and round.
Washers are a type of fastener used in conjunction with bolts, screws, and nuts. Washers are placed between the fastener and the surface it's being fastened to, and they help distribute the load and prevent damage to the surface. Washers come in various types, including plain washers, spring washers, and more.
How do Threaded Fasteners Work?
Threaded fasteners are designed to provide a secure connection between two or more objects by creating friction between the thread and the surface it's being fastened to. When a threaded fastener is turned, the thread's helical grooves engage with the corresponding thread on the other object to be fastened. The friction between the threads resists the forces applied to the fastener, preventing it from coming loose.
Threaded fasteners are an essential component of the mechanical world. They come in various shapes, sizes, and types and are used across several industries, including construction, automotive, aviation, and industrial applications. Threaded fasteners work by creating friction between the thread and the surface it's being fastened to, providing a secure connection between two or more objects. Understanding the types of threaded fasteners available and how they work can help you choose the right fastener for your specific application..