what are fastenings in sewing


Fastenings are essential elements in any sewing project. They are the crucial connections that hold together the different pieces of the material that makes up the clothing item. There are different types of fastenings that you can use, depending on the specific project you are working on. In this article, we will explore what fastenings are, their different types, and how to use them in sewing.

What are Fastenings in Sewing?

Fastenings are devices or techniques used to secure or connect the different parts of a garment or fabric. They come in different types to suit various sewing projects. Fastenings can be functional, decorative, or both.

Types of Fastenings in Sewing

1. Zippers

Zippers are the most common type of fastenings used in garments. They come in many different shapes, sizes, and colors to suit the project's requirements. Zippers are usually made of metal or plastic, and they can be open-ended, close-ended, or invisible. When choosing a zipper, you need to consider the material, length, and type of teeth.

2. Buttons

Buttons are one of the oldest fastenings used in sewing. They come in many sizes and shapes and can be made of different materials, such as metal, plastic, wood, or fabric. Buttons can be sewn in different ways, such as shanking, flat, or two holes.

3. Snaps

Snaps are quick and easy to install, which makes them ideal for items that need frequent opening and closing. They come in two parts, male, and female, which snap together securely. Snaps can be made of metal or plastic and are available in many sizes and shapes.

4. Hook and Loop Tape

Hook and loop tape, commonly known as Velcro, is a versatile and durable fastening option. It consists of two parts – hooks and loops – that cling together when pressed. Hook and loop tape comes in different widths, strengths, and colors.

5. Buckles

Buckles are mainly used in belts and bag straps. They can be made of metal or plastic and come in different sizes, shapes, and styles. Buckles can be used as a decorative element or to adjust the fitting of the garment or accessory.

How to Use Fastenings in Sewing

Using fastenings in sewing can be intimidating, especially for beginners. However, with some practice and patience, you can master the art of installing fastenings. Here are some tips on how to use fastenings in sewing:

1. Choose the right fastening for the project.

Each fastening type serves a specific purpose in sewing. When choosing a fastening, consider the garment's design, fabric, functionality, and durability.

2. Prepare the fabric and fastening.

It's essential to prepare the fabric and fastening before installation. For example, reinforce the fabric with interfacing or stabilizer to prevent it from tearing or stretching during installation. Also, make sure to align the fastening correctly and mark the position for accurate placement.

3. Install the fastening.

Follow the manufacturer's instructions for installing the fastening. Use the right needle, thread, and stitching technique for the particular project. For example, when installing a zipper, use a zipper foot and make sure to sew close to the teeth for a neat finish.

4. Test the fastening.

After installing the fastening, test it to ensure it works correctly. For example, if you installed a button, test if it closes and stays secure without causing any tension or puckers on the fabric.


Fastenings are essential elements in sewing, ensuring that the garment or accessory stays secure and functional. There are different types of fastenings, including zippers, buttons, snaps, hook and loop tape, and buckles. When choosing fastenings, consider the project's design, functionality, and durability. To install fastenings, prepare the fabric and fastening, use the right needle and thread, and follow the manufacturer's instructions. With some practice and patience, you can master the art of using fastenings and create beautiful and functional garments and accessories.


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