How to choose the right hex bolt size?


With the development of industrialization, hexagonal bolts have become an important connecting element for connecting various mechanical equipment and structures. The selection of hexagonal bolts of appropriate size and specification is very important to ensure the firmness and reliability of the connection. Therefore, when selecting the size of the hexagonal bolt, the appropriate specification should be selected according to actual needs. Maijin will discuss how to choose the appropriate hex bolt size. 1. Understand the basic structure of hexagonal bolts Before choosing the appropriate size of hexagonal bolts, it is necessary to understand the basic structure of hexagonal bolts. Hexagonal bolts usually consist of studs, nuts and washers. 1. Screw joint: The screw joint is the main body of the hexagonal bolt, usually processed by standard thread, and processed into a hexagonal shape on one side for easy operation, and usually has a notch or protrusion on the other side for easy tightening and loosening. 2. Nut: A nut is a threaded insert used to tighten a bolt. It is usually machined from the same thread as the pitch and has a hexagonal shell of the same shape as the inside of the pitch. 3. Washer: The washer is located under the nut, which can act as a load distribution and make the connection more uniform. There are usually two options, flat washers and spring washers. Flat washers are used to disperse torque loads, and spring washers can reduce vibration and noise through elastic deformation. 2. Understand the standard dimensions of hexagonal bolts The dimensions of hexagonal bolts usually meet the following standards: DIN, ISO, ASTM, ANSI, etc. These standards specify the basic details of the dimensions of hexagonal bolts, including their length, diameter, pitch, strength, etc. These standards should be carefully understood and referred to before selecting the size of the hex bolt. According to different application scenarios and load requirements, appropriate standards and specifications can be selected. In addition, bolts of the same standard and specification are used as much as possible to achieve standardized assembly and upgrades. 3. Select the appropriate size according to the application requirements. When selecting the size of the hexagonal bolt, multiple factors should be considered, such as the load, size and shape of the connecting piece. These elements are analyzed in detail below. 1. Load of the connecting piece: When selecting the size of the hexagonal bolt, the first factor to consider is the load of the connecting piece. Specifically, there is a need to understand the higher loads and dynamic loads that the connections are required to withstand. Higher loads are usually determined by factors such as the strength of the connection itself, the working environment, stress and vibration. Dynamic loads are usually determined by operating conditions and vibration frequencies. Generally, if the load is large, bolts with larger diameters should be selected. At the same time, considering the length of the bolts, if the load is too large, it may be necessary to use longer bolts to enhance the stability of the connection. 2. The size and shape of the connecting piece: The size and shape of the connecting piece should also be considered when selecting the appropriate hexagonal bolt size. For example, if the diameter of the connecting piece is small, you need to choose a suitable diameter bolt. If the connection is a T-connection, it may be necessary to select a bolt that matches the shape of the connection. At the same time, you also need to pay attention to the protrusions and gaps on the surface of the connector. If the connector has protrusions, the bolt length should be selected to accommodate the protrusions. If there is a notch in the joint, you need to choose the bolt according to the size and depth of the notch to ensure a good connection. 3. The environment and materials used: The environment and materials used for the hexagonal bolts also need to be used as factors for selecting the appropriate size. Different materials and environments can affect the strength and corrosion resistance of bolts. For example, in dilute acid environments, zinc-coated bolts are required to prevent corrosion. In high-temperature environments, bolts made of high-strength alloy steel are required. 4. Select the appropriate locking method After selecting the appropriate size of the hexagonal bolt, it is also necessary to select the appropriate locking method to ensure the firmness and reliability of the connection. The commonly used locking methods include nuts, lock washers and hydraulic locking. To sum up, choosing the appropriate hex bolt size is an important step in building high-quality connections. By understanding the basic structure, standard size and selection of appropriate size, locking method and other elements of hexagonal bolts, useful guidance can be provided for correctly selecting the appropriate hexagonal bolt size.

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